USCIS announced that commencing on May 6, 2013, foreign nationals will be required to submit fingerprints and photographs when appearing at USCIS offices for interviews or to receive evidence of an immigration benefit. This new biometrics requirement is called Customer Identity Verification (CIV). Currently, USCIS requires applicants and petitioners requesting immigration or naturalization benefits to visit an Application Support Center (ASC) to provide biometric data. This requirement will not change. Instead, USCIS will add another round of fingerprinting and photographing.  For CIV, an individual appearing at a USCIS field office for an interview or to be issued evidence of an immigration benefit will have his or her identity biometrically re-verified. Examples of evidence include temporary travel documents, parole authorizations, temporary extensions of Form I-90, and temporary I-551 stamps on passports or on Forms I-94 to evidence lawful permanent resident status.

An individual coming to USCIS for an InfoPass appointment or as the guest of an applicant or petitioner will not be required to submit biometric data.

The individual’s experience under this new process will be similar to that of an ASC appointment.  USCIS will take two fingerprints and a photograph of the individual and input this information into the US-VISIT (U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology) Secondary Inspections Tool (SIT), a Web-based application that processes, displays and retrieves biometric and biographic data. US-VISIT also links databases associated with border inspections and security. After identity verification is satisfactorily completed, individuals will proceed to their interviews or be issued their immigration documents. In instances where biometrics don’t produce a verification, other steps will be taken, which may include reprocessing at an ASC or even further questioning if an identity is suspicious.  

Why is this second round of biometrics being implemented?  USCIS says to protect against identity fraud and defend against threats to national security.