A J-1 exchange visitor subject to the two-year home residency requirement who enlists in the military under the Military Accessions Vital to the National Interest (MAVNI) program is not required to comply with the foreign residence requirement or obtain a waiver in order to naturalize under a specific section of the immigration act. However, inconsistent interpretations have been applied toward their J-2 spouses. In a recently issued guidance, DOS has determined that a J-2 spouse or child of a J-1 who naturalized under MAVNI is also not required to comply with the foreign residence requirement or obtain a waiver in order to adjust status as a lawful permanent resident. USCIS has directed its adjudicators to decide cases on hold because of this issue.